Comparative genomics reveal extensive transposon-mediated genomic plasticity and diversity among potential effector proteins within the genus coxiella

Paul A. Beare, Nathan Unsworth, Masako Andoh, Daniel E. Voth, Anders Omsland, Stacey D. Gilk, Kelly P. Williams, Bruno W. Sobral, John J. Kupko, Stephen F. Porcella, James E. Samuel, Robert A. Heinzen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

142 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genetically distinct isolates of Coxiella burnetii, the cause of human Q fever, display different phenotypes with respect to in vitro infectivity/cytopathology and pathogenicity for laboratory animals. Moreover, correlations between C. burnetii genomic groups and human disease presentation (acute versus chronic) have been described, suggesting that isolates have distinct virulence characteristics. To provide a more-complete understanding of C. burnetii's genetic diversity, evolution, and pathogenic potential, we deciphered the whole-genome sequences of the K (Q154) and G (Q212) human chronic endocarditis isolates and the naturally attenuated Dugway (5J108-111) rodent isolate. Cross-genome comparisons that included the previously sequenced Nine Mile (NM) reference isolate (RSA493) revealed both novel gene content and disparate collections of pseudogenes that may contribute to isolate virulence and other phenotypes. While C. burnetii genomes are highly syntenous, recombination between abundant insertion sequence (IS) elements has resulted in genome plasticity manifested as chromosomal rearrangement of syntenic blocks and DNA insertions/deletions. The numerous IS elements, genomic rearrangements, and pseudogenes of C. burnetii isolates are consistent with genome structures of other bacterial pathogens that have recently emerged from nonpathogens with expanded niches. The observation that the attenuated Dugway isolate has the largest genome with the fewest pseudogenes and IS elements suggests that this isolate s lineage is at an earlier stage of pathoadaptation than the NM, K, and G lineages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)642-656
Number of pages15
JournalInfection and immunity
Volume77
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparative genomics reveal extensive transposon-mediated genomic plasticity and diversity among potential effector proteins within the genus coxiella'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this