Comparing three measures of depressive symptoms among American Indian adolescents

Lisa E. Thrane, Les B. Whitbeck, Danny R. Hoyt, Mack C. Shelley

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


This study examined the measurement of depressive symptoms among American Indian adolescents as assessed by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), Youth Self Report (YSR), and the Tri-Ethnic Center's for Prevention Research Depression Scale (TEDS), This analysis demonstrated that the TEDS had good internal consistency, demonstrated construct validity, and shared a commonality with the other two measures, but had limited predictive validity. The YSR had strong predictive validity but, like the CES-D, showed weakness in construct validity. Unexpectedly, the CES-D and YSR revealed enculturated youth were at risk of depressive symptoms. These findings do not generate unequivocal support for any one measure, but suggest that their strengths and potential shortcomings should be taken into account when assessing depressive symptoms among American Indian youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-41
Number of pages22
JournalAmerican Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Anthropology
  • History
  • Psychology(all)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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