Comparison of monocyte-dependent T cell inhibitory activity in GM-CSF vs G-CSF mobilized PSC products

A. G. Ageitos, M. L. Varney, P. J. Bierman, J. M. Vose, P. I. Warkentin, J. E. Talmadge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study compares the immune properties of peripheral blood stem cell (PSC) products mobilized with different hematopoietic growth factors (HGFs) as well as apheresis products and peripheral blood leukocytes (PBL) from normal individuals. We found that monocytes in mobilized PSC products appear to inhibit T cell function independent of whether granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) or granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) was used for mobilization. In addition, the GF used to mobilize the stem cell product may be less important to the CD4:CD8 ratio than the extent of prior chemotherapy, as we found an inverse correlation between chemotherapy and the CD4:CD8 ratio. In other observations, all apheresis products, whether mobilized or unmobilized, contained significantly more monocytes compared to normal PBL. The mononuclear cells (MNC) from G-CSF or GM-CSF mobilized PSC products had a similar T cell phytohemagglutinin (PHA) mitogenic response that was significantly lower (P = 0.001 and P = 0.005, respectively) than non-mobilized apheresis products. We also examined the T cell inhibitor (TI) activity of the MNC from the PSC products for allogeneic lymphocyte proliferation and found that PSC products significantly reduced the proliferation of allogeneic PBL to PHA. A significant correlation (P = 0.001, r = 0.517) between the frequency of monocytes and TI activity also was observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-69
Number of pages7
JournalBone marrow transplantation
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

Keywords

  • G-CSF
  • GM-CSF
  • Monocytes
  • Stem cell mobilization
  • T cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Transplantation

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