Competency-Based Medical Education (CBME): an Overview and Relevance to the Education of Future Surgical Oncologists

Premila D. Leiphrakpam, Chandrakanth Are

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


In the next two decades, the global cancer burden is expected to rise by 47%, and the demand for global cancer surgery will increase by 52%. At present, only 25% of the estimated 80% of patients needing surgical intervention have access to timely surgical care. The shortage of a trained workforce of surgical oncologists is one of the main barriers to providing the optimal surgical intervention needed for cancer patients. Some of the contributing factors to the shortage of trained surgical oncologists are variations in the current global educational platforms, long training programs, and physician burnout. Therefore, the availability of a credible training framework and a sustainable certification pipeline for future surgical oncologists is critical to meet the global demand for an adequate healthcare workforce. The current surgical oncology educational program is a time-based construct that trains surgeons to function seamlessly in the multidisciplinary care of cancer patients. However, there is a lack of flexibility in the training framework and timeline despite differences in trainees’ abilities. Developing a globally acceptable standard curriculum for surgical oncology training based on the competency-based medical education (CBME) framework and tailoring it to local needs can increase the surgical oncology workforce ready to tackle the rising cancer burden. However, successful implementation of the global CBME-based surgical oncology training curriculum requires an innovative approach to ensure that this framework produces a competent surgical oncologist that meets the local needs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalIndian Journal of Surgical Oncology
StateAccepted/In press - 2023


  • Competence
  • Competency-based medical education (CBME)
  • Core components
  • Current medical education
  • Surgical oncologist

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology


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