Computational fluid dynamics as supporting technology for coronary artery disease diagnosis and treatment: an international survey

Claudio Chiastra, Marco Zuin, Gianluca Rigatelli, Fabrizio D’Ascenzo, Gaetano Maria De Ferrari, Carlos Collet, Yiannis S. Chatzizisis, Diego Gallo, Umberto Morbiducci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Background: Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is emerging as an effective technology able to improve procedural outcomes and enhance clinical decision-making in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). The present study aims to assess the state of knowledge, use and clinical acceptability of CFD in the diagnosis and treatment of CAD. Methods: We realized a 20-questions international, anonymous, cross-sectional survey to cardiologists to test their knowledge and confidence on CFD as a technology applied to patients suffering from CAD. Responses were recorded between May 18, 2022, and June 12, 2022. Results: A total of 466 interventional cardiologists (mean age 48.4 ± 8.3 years, males 362), from 42 different countries completed the survey, for a response rate of 45.9%. Of these, 66.6% declared to be familiar with the term CFD, especially for optimization of existing interventional techniques (16.1%) and assessment of hemodynamic quantities related with CAD (13.7%). About 30% of respondents correctly answered to the questions exploring their knowledge on the pathophysiological role of some CFD-derived quantities such as wall shear stress and helical flow in coronary arteries. Among respondents, 85.9% would consider patient-specific CFD-based analysis in daily interventional practice while 94.2% declared to be interested in receiving a brief foundation course on the basic CFD principles. Finally, 87.7% of respondents declared to be interested in a cath-lab software able to conduct affordable CFD-based analyses at the point-of-care. Conclusions: Interventional cardiologists reported to be profoundly interested in adopting CFD simulations as a technology supporting decision making in the treatment of CAD in daily practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1216796
JournalFrontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
StatePublished - 2023


  • computational fluid dynamics
  • coronary artery disease
  • helical flow
  • hemodynamics
  • modeling and simulation
  • precision medicine
  • technology
  • wall shear stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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