Consensus Recommendation for Mouse Models of Ocular Hypertension to Study Aqueous Humor Outflow and Its Mechanisms

Colleen M. McDowell, Krishnakumar Kizhatil, Michael H. Elliott, Darryl R. Overby, Joseph van Batenburg-Sherwood, J. Cameron Millar, Markus H. Kuehn, Gulab Zode, Ted S. Acott, Michael G. Anderson, Sanjoy K. Bhattacharya, Jacques A. Bertrand, Terete Borras, Diane E. Bovenkamp, Lin Cheng, John Danias, Michael Lucio De Ieso, Yiqin Du, Jennifer A. Faralli, Rudolf FuchshoferPreethi S. Ganapathy, Haiyan Gong, Samuel Herberg, Humberto Hernandez, Peter Humphries, Simon W.M. John, Paul L. Kaufman, Kate E. Keller, Mary J. Kelley, Ruth A. Kelly, David Krizaj, Ajay Kumar, Brian C. Leonard, Raquel L. Lieberman, Paloma Liton, Yutao Liu, Katy C. Liu, Navita N. Lopez, Weiming Mao, Timur Mavlyutov, Fiona McDonnell, Gillian J. McLellan, Philip Mzyk, Andrews Nartey, Louis R. Pasquale, Gaurang C. Patel, Padmanabhan P. Pattabiraman, Donna M. Peters, Vijaykrishna Raghunathan, Ponugoti Vasantha Rao, Naga Rayana, Urmimala Raychaudhuri, Ester Reina-Torres, Ruiyi Ren, Douglas Rhee, Uttio Roy Chowdhury, John R. Samples, E. Griffen Samples, Najam Sharif, Joel S. Schuman, Val C. Sheffield, Cooper H. Stevenson, Avinash Soundararajan, Preeti Subramanian, Chenna Kesavulu Sugali, Yang Sun, Carol B. Toris, Karen Y. Torrejon, Amir Vahabikashi, Janice A. Vranka, Ting Wang, Colin E. Willoughby, Chen Xin, Hongmin Yun, Hao F. Zhang, Michael P. Fautsch, Ernst R. Tamm, Abbot F. Clark, C. Ross Ethier, W. Daniel Stamer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Due to their similarities in anatomy, physiology, and pharmacology to humans, mice are a valuable model system to study the generation and mechanisms modulating conventional outflow resistance and thus intraocular pressure. In addition, mouse models are critical for understanding the complex nature of conventional outflow homeostasis and dysfunction that results in ocular hypertension. In this review, we describe a set of minimum acceptable standards for developing, characterizing, and utilizing mouse models of open-angle ocular hypertension. We expect that this set of standard practices will increase scientific rigor when using mouse models and will better enable researchers to replicate and build upon previous findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number12
JournalInvestigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2022


  • Conventional outflow
  • Glaucoma
  • Intraocular pressure
  • Mouse model
  • Ocular hypertension
  • Outflow facility

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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