Consensus Statement of the Malignant Hyperthermia Association of the United States on Unresolved Clinical Questions Concerning the Management of Patients With Malignant Hyperthermia

Ronald S. Litman, Victoria I. Smith, Marilyn Green Larach, Lena Mayes, Mohanad Shukry, Mary C. Theroux, Stacey Watt, Cynthia A. Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

At a recent consensus conference, the Malignant Hyperthermia Association of the United States addressed 6 important and unresolved clinical questions concerning the optimal management of patients with malignant hyperthermia (MH) susceptibility or acute MH. They include: (1) How much dantrolene should be available in facilities where volatile agents are not available or administered, and succinylcholine is only stocked on site for emergency purposes? (2) What defines masseter muscle rigidity? What is its relationship to MH, and how should it be managed when it occurs? (3) What is the relationship between MH susceptibility and heat- or exercise-related rhabdomyolysis? (4) What evidence-based interventions should be recommended to alleviate hyperthermia associated with MH? (5) After treatment of acute MH, how much dantrolene should be administered and for how long? What criteria should be used to determine stopping treatment with dantrolene? (6) Can patients with a suspected personal or family history of MH be safely anesthetized before diagnostic testing? This report describes the consensus process and the outcomes for each of the foregoing unanswered clinical questions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)652-659
Number of pages8
JournalAnesthesia and analgesia
Volume128
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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