Consistency of hearing aid use in infants with early-identified hearing loss

Mary Pat Moeller, Brenda Hoover, Barbara Peterson, Pat Stelmachowicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations


Purpose: To examine the consistency of hearing aid use by infants. A goal was to identify maternal, child, and situational factors that affected consistency of device use. Method: Maternal interviews were conducted using a nonvalidated structured interview (Amplification in Daily Life Questionnaire) that included 5-point Likert scale items and open-ended questions. Participants were mothers of 7 infants with mild to moderately severe hearing loss who were enrolled in a longitudinal study. Data were collected at 4 intervals (10.5-12, 16.5, 22.5, and 28.5 months old). Results: Consistency of amplification use was variable at early ages but improved with age. By age 28.5 months, toddlers used amplification regularly in most settings. Selected daily situations (e.g., in car or outdoors) were more challenging for maintaining device use than contexts where the child was closely monitored. Only 2 families established early, consistent full-time use across all contexts examined. Qualitative results were used to identify familial, developmental, and situational variables that influenced the consistency of infant/toddler device use. Conclusion: Families may benefit from audiologic counseling that acknowledges the multi-faceted challenges that arise. Audiologists can work in partnership with families to promote consistent device use across a variety of daily situations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-22
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican journal of audiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2009


  • Hearing aids
  • Infants
  • Toddlers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Speech and Hearing


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