Contemporary Approaches to Mixed Methods–Grounded Theory Research: A Field-Based Analysis

Timothy C. Guetterman, Wayne A. Babchuk, Michelle C. Howell Smith, Jared Stevens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations


Key scholars have lauded benefits of integrating mixed methods and grounded theory—or mixed methods–grounded theory (MM-GT)—yet there have been few attempts to ascertain in what ways researchers use MM-GT. Our aim was to systematically, but not exhaustively, examine applications of MM-GT and offer procedural guidelines. We identified 61 empirical MM-GT articles and developed a codebook for analysis. MM-GT was widely used across disciplines. Most published MM-GT provided little methodological detail regarding grounded theory, mixed methods, and their integration; theoretical development was noticeably absent; and the majority followed a convergent mixed methods design. This inquiry contributes to emerging discussions regarding the ways in which MM-GT can or should be used to more fully realize the potential of this approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-195
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Mixed Methods Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019


  • grounded theory
  • methodology
  • mixed methods
  • qualitative design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty


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