Contemporary imaging of mild TBI: The journey toward diffusion tensor imaging to assess neuronal damage

W. Christopher Fox, Min S. Park, Shawn Belverud, Arnett Klugh, Dennis Rivet, Jeffrey M. Tomlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Objectives: To follow the progression of neuroimaging as a means of non-invasive evaluation of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in order to provide recommendations based on reproducible, defined imaging findings. Methods: A comprehensive literature review and analysis of contemporary published articles was performed to study the progression of neuroimaging findings as a non-invasive 'biomarker' for mTBI. Results: Multiple imaging modalities exist to support the evaluation of patients with mTBI, including ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT), single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), positron emission tomography (PET), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These techniques continue to evolve with the development of fractional anisotropy (FA), fiber tractography (FT), and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Discussion: Modern imaging techniques, when applied in the appropriate clinical setting, may serve as a valuable tool for diagnosis and management of patients with mTBI. An understanding of modern neuroanatomical imaging will enhance our ability to analyse injury and recognize the manifestations of mTBI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)223-232
Number of pages10
JournalNeurological research
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Diffusion tensor imaging
  • Mild traumatic brain injury
  • Neuroimaging
  • Non-invasive assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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