Controllable high-throughput high-quality femtosecond laser-enhanced chemical etching by temporal pulse shaping based on electron density control

Mengjiao Zhao, Jie Hu, Lan Jiang, Kaihu Zhang, Pengjun Liu, Yongfeng Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

We developed an efficient fabrication method of high-quality concave microarrays on fused silica substrates based on temporal shaping of femtosecond (fs) laser pulses. This method involves exposures of fs laser pulse trains followed by a wet etching process. Compared with conventional single pulses with the same processing parameters, the temporally shaped fs pulses can enhance the etch rate by a factor of 37 times with better controllability and higher quality. Moreover, we demonstrated the flexibility of the proposed method in tuning the profile of the concave microarray structures by changing the laser pulse delay, laser fluence, and pulse energy distribution ratio. Micro-Raman spectroscopy was conducted to elucidate the stronger modification induced by the fs laser pulse trains in comparison with the single pulses. Our calculations show that the controllability is due to the effective control of localized transient free electron densities by temporally shaping the fs pulses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number13202
JournalScientific reports
Volume5
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 26 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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