Photon energy deposition plays a crucial role in femtosecond laser irradiation followed by chemical etching processing, which is an emerging technique for the better control of micro/nano structures on fused silica. In this study, we have experimentally and theoretically studied the controllable photon energy deposition in laser irradiation of fused silica by temporally shaped femtosecond laser pulse trains. The experimental result shows that the photon energy deposition efficiency could be either reduced or enhanced by adjusting the total fluence of shaped pulse trains. Furthermore, the sub-pulse interval and intensity ratio of temporally shaped pulse trains were revealed to play a critical role in photon energy deposition. The corresponding experimental observations are qualitatively explained by a plasma model that considers the free electron generation processes and corresponding feedback on the photon energy deposition.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering