Convection-enhanced delivery and in vivo imaging of polymeric nanoparticles for the treatment of malignant glioma

Giovanna M. Bernal, Michael J. LaRiviere, Nassir Mansour, Peter Pytel, Kirk E. Cahill, David J. Voce, Shijun Kang, Ruben Spretz, Ulrich Welp, Sandra E. Noriega, Luis Nuñez, Gustavo Larsen, Ralph R. Weichselbaum, Bakhtiar Yamini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Scopus citations


A major obstacle to the management of malignant glioma is the inability to effectively deliver therapeutic agent to the tumor. In this study, we describe a polymeric nanoparticle vector that not only delivers viable therapeutic, but can also be tracked in vivo using MRI. Nanoparticles, produced by a non-emulsion technique, were fabricated to carry iron oxide within the shell and the chemotherapeutic agent, temozolomide (TMZ), as the payload. Nanoparticle properties were characterized and subsequently their endocytosis-mediated uptake by glioma cells was demonstrated. Convection-enhanced delivery (CED) can disperse nanoparticles through the rodent brain and their distribution is accurately visualized by MRI. Infusion of nanoparticles does not result in observable animal toxicity relative to control. CED of TMZ-bearing nanoparticles prolongs the survival of animals with intracranial xenografts compared to control. In conclusion, the described nanoparticle vector represents a unique multifunctional platform that can be used for image-guided treatment of malignant glioma. From the Clinical Editor: GBM remains one of the most notoriously treatment-unresponsive cancer types. In this study, a multifunctional nanoparticle-based temozolomide delivery system was demonstrated to possess enhanced treatment efficacy in a rodent xenograft GBM model, with the added benefit of MRI-based tracking via the incorporation of iron oxide as a T2* contrast material in the nanoparticles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-157
Number of pages9
JournalNanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Convection
  • Glioma
  • MRI
  • Nanoparticle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Pharmaceutical Science


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