Coronin2A links actin-based endosomal processes to the EHD1 fission machinery

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Abstract

Fission of transport vesicles from endosomes is a crucial step in the recycling of lipids and receptors to the plasma membrane, but this process remains poorly understood. Although key components of the fission machinery, including the actin cytoskeleton and the ATPase Eps15 homology domain protein 1 (EHD1), have been implicated in endosomal fission, how this process is coordinately regulated is not known. We have identified the actin regulatory protein Coronin2A (CORO2A) as a novel EHD1 interaction partner. CORO2A localizes to stress fibers and actin microfilaments but also can be observed in partial overlap with EHD1 on endosomal structures. siRNA knockdown of CORO2A led to enlarged lamellae-like actin-rich protrusions, consistent with a role of other Coronin family proteins in attenuating actin-branching. Moreover, CORO2A depletion also caused a marked decrease in the internalization of clathrin-dependent cargo but had little impact on the uptake of clathrin-independent cargo, highlighting key differences in the role of branched actin for different modes of endocytosis. However, CORO2A was required for recycling of clathrin-independent cargo, and its depletion led to enlarged endosomes, supporting a role for CORO2A in the fission of endosomal vesicles. Our data support a novel role for CORO2A in coordinating endosomal fission and recycling with EHD1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberar107
JournalMolecular biology of the cell
Volume33
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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