Correlates of bullying behaviors among a sample of North American Indigenous adolescents

Lisa A. Melander, Kelley J. Sittner Hartshorn, Les B. Whitbeck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between familial, educational, and psychosocial factors and bullying among 702 North American Indigenous adolescents aged 11-14 years. The study used multinomial logistic regression models to differentiate correlates of bully perpetration and victimization versus being neither and between being a perpetrator versus being a victim. Analyses reveal that being a bully victim had different correlates than being a perpetrator. Perceived discrimination was associated with increased odds of being either a victim or a perpetrator, relative to being neither. Several factors differentiated being a bully perpetrator from being a bully victim: adolescent age, parental warmth and support, depressive symptoms, anger, and school adjustment. These findings expand upon the limited understanding of the factors associated with bullying among North American Indigenous youth. Bullying intervention and prevention programs that target Indigenous adolescents should be culturally grounded and begin early within the family.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)675-684
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Adolescence
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 2013


  • Bullying
  • North American Indigenous youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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