Localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPRs), collective electron oscillations in metal nanoparticles, are being heavily scrutinized for applications in prototype devices and circuits, as well as for chemical and biological sensing. Both the plasmon frequency and linewidth of a LSPR are critical factors for application optimization, for which their dependence on structural factors has been qualitatively unraveled over the past decade. However, quantitative knowledge based on systematic single particle studies has only recently become available for a few particle shapes. We show here that to understand the effect of structure (both size and shape) on plasmonic properties, one must take multiple parameters into account. We have successfully done so for a large data set on silver right bipyramids. By correlating plasmon energy and linewidth with edge length and corner rounding for individual bipyramids, we have found that the corner rounding has a significant effect on the plasmon energy for particles of the same size, and thus corner rounding must be taken into account to accurately describe the dependence of a LSPR on nanoparticle size. A detailed explanation of the phenomena responsible for the observed effects and their relationship to each other is presented.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering