Correlation of surface roughness and recast layer thickness in electrical discharge machining

Yakup Yildiz, Murali M. Sundaram, Kamlakar P. Rajurkar, Ahmet Altintas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Electrical discharge machining (EDM) is an extensively used method in the machining of electrically conductive materials. Recast or white layer formation is undesirable, but inevitable, result of EDM and needs to be understood and accurately determined to efficiently perform post-treatment processes for removing the recast layer caused by EDM process. In this study, recast layer thickness and surface roughness data obtained from experimental study were analyzed and a correlation between these two parameters has been established. Image-processing technique has been used for obtaining of recast layer thickness data. It was observed that the correlation between recast layer thickness and surface roughness increases remarkably with the increase of working current and pulse time. The correlation obtained in this study has the potential to predict the recast layer thickness on spark-eroded surfaces from simple surface roughness values instead of using the prevailing time-consuming and tedious etching and polishing method. The possible approximation of the recast layer thickness using a thermal model is also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)414-424
Number of pages11
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017


  • EDM
  • image processing
  • recast layer thickness
  • surface roughness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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