Cost and cost-effectiveness analysis of a digital diabetes prevention program: results from the PREDICTS trial

Tzeyu L. Michaud, Kathryn E. Wilson, Jeffrey A. Katula, Wen You, Paul A. Estabrooks

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Although technology-assisted diabetes prevention programs (DPPs) have been shown to improve glycemic control and weight loss, information are limited regarding relevant costs and their cost-effectiveness. To describe a retrospective within-trial cost and cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) to compare a digital-based DPP (d-DPP) with small group education (SGE), over a 1-year study period. The costs were summarized into direct medical costs, direct nonmedical costs (i.e., times that participants spent engaging with the interventions), and indirect costs (i.e., lost work productivity costs). The CEA was measured by the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER). Sensitivity analysis was performed using nonparametric bootstrap analysis. Over 1 year, the direct medical costs, direct nonmedical costs, and indirect costs per participant were 4,556, 1,595, and 6,942 in the d-DPP group versus 4,177, 1,350, and 9,204 in the SGE group. The CEA results showed cost savings from d-DPP relative to SGE based on a societal perspective. Using a private payer perspective for d-DPP, ICERs were 4,739 and 114 to obtain an additional unit reduction in HbA1c (%) and weight (kg), and were 19,955 for an additional unit gain of quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) compared to SGE, respectively. From a societal perspective, bootstrapping results indicated that d-DPP has a 39% and a 69% probability, at a willingness-to-pay of 50,000/QALY and 100,000/QALY, respectively, of being cost-effective. The d-DPP was cost-effective and offers the prospect of high scalability and sustainability due to its program features and delivery modes, which can be easily translated to other settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)501-510
Number of pages10
JournalTranslational behavioral medicine
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2023


  • absenteeism
  • digital health
  • economic evaluation
  • lifestyle intervention
  • presenteeism
  • work productivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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