Critical care delivery: The importance of process of care and ICU structure to improved outcomes: An update from the American college of critical care medicine task force on models of critical care

Barry J. Weled, Lana A. Adzhigirey, Tudy M. Hodgman, Richard J. Brilli, Antoinette Spevetz, Andrea M. Kline, Vicki L. Montgomery, Nitin Puri, Samuel A. Tisherman, Paul M. Vespa, Peter J. Pronovost, Thomas G. Rainey, Andrew J. Patterson, Derek S. Wheeler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Scopus citations

Abstract

In 2001, the Society of Critical Care Medicine published practice model guidelines that focused on the delivery of critical care and the roles of different ICU team members. An exhaustive review of the additional literature published since the last guideline has demonstrated that both the structure and process of care in the ICU are important for achieving optimal patient outcomes. Since the publication of the original guideline, several authorities have recognized that improvements in the processes of care, ICU structure, and the use of quality improvement science methodologies can beneficially impact patient outcomes and reduce costs. Herein, we summarize findings of the American College of Critical Care Medicine Task Force on Models of Critical Care: 1) An intensivist-led, high-performing, multidisciplinary team dedicated to the ICU is an integral part of effective care delivery; 2) Process improvement is the backbone of achieving high-quality ICU outcomes; 3) Standardized protocols including care bundles and order sets to facilitate measurable processes and outcomes should be used and further developed in the ICU setting; and 4) Institutional support for comprehensive quality improvement programs as well as tele-ICU programs should be provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1520-1525
Number of pages6
JournalCritical care medicine
Volume43
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 21 2015

Keywords

  • ICU
  • critical care delivery
  • models of care
  • quality improvement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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    Weled, B. J., Adzhigirey, L. A., Hodgman, T. M., Brilli, R. J., Spevetz, A., Kline, A. M., Montgomery, V. L., Puri, N., Tisherman, S. A., Vespa, P. M., Pronovost, P. J., Rainey, T. G., Patterson, A. J., & Wheeler, D. S. (2015). Critical care delivery: The importance of process of care and ICU structure to improved outcomes: An update from the American college of critical care medicine task force on models of critical care. Critical care medicine, 43(7), 1520-1525. https://doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0000000000000978