Crystal structure of the potent bisquinoline antimalarial agent (±)-trans-N1,N2-bis(7-chloroquinolin-4-yl) cyclohexane-1,2-diamine dimethanesulfonate salt hydrate in relation to its biological properties

Jean M. Karle, Apurba K. Bhattacharjee, Jonathan L. Vennerstrom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations


The neighboring 4-aminoquinoline substituents of the bisquinoline (±)-trans-N1,N 2-bis(7-chloroquinolin-4-yl)cyclohexane-1,2-diamine dimethanesulfonate salt crystallized in the diequatorial position which is in agreement with quantum chemical calculations. The bisquinoline salt crystallized in the monoclinic C2/c space group with a = 19.328(4) Å, b = 15.618(3) Å, c = 20.382(4) Å, β = 98.84(3)°. The two quinoline nitrogen atoms are protonated by the salt as predicted by calculated electrostatic surface potentials. The -5 kcal/mol isopotential surface of the bisquinoline resembles that of chloroquine, which may explain the potent inhibition of hematin polymerization by both the bisquinoline and chloroquine. The smaller HOMO/LUMO gap of the bisquinoline is consistent with its phototoxicity. The overall conformation, the ability of all nitrogen atoms to participate in hydrogen bonding, and the electrostatic interaction of the quinoline rings in the crystal packing may all aid in the determination of the binding pharmacophore of the bisquinoline.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-139
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Chemical Crystallography
Issue number5-6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002



  • Antimalarial agent
  • Bisquinoline
  • Hematin polymerization
  • Phototoxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this