Cultivating leadership: The need for renovating models to higher epistemic cognition

Kem M. Gambrell, Gina S. Matkin, Mark E. Burbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


More than ever before, people are reevaluating their lives and work as they search for deeper meaning. This "self-actualization" has only superficially appeared in leadership theory and research. This essay will discuss why adult development and higher levels of critical thinking in leadership is essential to effective leadership. The authors hypothesize that a "cultivated" aspect of leadership is currently lacking in leadership theory and research and is essential to leader and follower development. Additionally, the authors envision that impending organizations will necessitate more leaders with the ability to facilitate follower growth and development along these constructs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)308-319
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Leadership and Organizational Studies
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2011


  • cognitive processes
  • effectiveness
  • leadership
  • leadership development
  • transformational leadership

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research


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