CYLD exaggerates pressure overload-induced cardiomyopathy via suppressing autolysosome efflux in cardiomyocytes

Lei Qi, Huimei Zang, Weiwei Wu, Prakash Nagarkatti, Mitzi Nagarkatti, Qinghang Liu, Jeffrey Robbins, Xuejun Wang, Taixing Cui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Deubiquitinating enzymes (DUBs) appear to be a new class of regulators of cardiac homeostasis and disease. However, DUB-mediated signaling in the heart is not well understood. Herein we report a novel mechanism by which cylindromatosis (CYLD), a DUB mediates cardiac pathological remodeling and dysfunction. Cardiomyocyte-restricted (CR) overexpression of CYLD (CR-CYLD) did not cause gross health issues and hardly affected cardiac function up to age of one year in both female and male mice at physiological conditions. However, CR-CYLD overexpression exacerbated pressure overload (PO)-induced cardiac dysfunction associated with suppressed cardiac hypertrophy and increased myocardial apoptosis in mice independent of the gender. At the molecular level, CR-CYLD overexpression enhanced PO-induced increases in poly-ubiquitinated proteins marked by lysine (K)48-linked ubiquitin chains and autophagic vacuoles containing undegraded contents while suppressing autophagic flux. Augmentation of cardiac autophagy via CR-ATG7 overexpression protected against PO-induced cardiac pathological remodeling and dysfunction in both female and male mice. Intriguingly, CR-CYLD overexpression switched the CR-ATG7 overexpression-dependent cardiac protection into myocardial damage and dysfunction associated with increased accumulation of autophagic vacuoles containing undegraded contents in the heart. Genetic manipulation of Cyld in combination with pharmacological modulation of autophagic functional status revealed that CYLD suppressed autolysosomal degradation and promoted cell death in cardiomyocytes. In addition, Cyld gene gain- and/or loss-of-function approaches in vitro and in vivo demonstrated that CYLD mediated cardiomyocyte death associated with impaired reactivation of mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) and upregulated Ras genes from rat brain 7 (Rab7), two key components for autolysosomal degradation. These results demonstrate that CYLD serves as a novel mediator of cardiac pathological remodeling and dysfunction by suppressing autolysosome efflux in cardiomyocytes. Mechanistically, it is most likely that CYLD suppresses autolysosome efflux via impairing mTORC1 reactivation and interrupting Rab7 release from autolysosomes in cardiomyocytes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)59-73
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Volume145
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Autolysosome efflux
  • CYLD
  • Cardiomyocytes
  • Deubiquitinating enzymes
  • Pressure overload

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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