Cylindrical shockwave-induced compression mechanism in femtosecond laser Bessel pulse micro-drilling of PMMA

Guoyan Wang, Yanwu Yu, Lan Jiang, Xiaowei Li, Qian Xie, Yongfeng Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Femtosecond (fs) laser Bessel pulses can be employed for high-quality and high-speed fabrication of high-aspect-ratio uniform microhole arrays. This technique exhibits prominent potential in three-dimensional packaging, fluidic devices, fiber sensing, biomedical devices, and aeronautics. However, the fundamental mechanisms remain mysterious. Using the femtosecond time-resolved pump-probe shadowgraph technique, this study revealed that the generation of cylindrical shockwaves inside the bulk material and the corresponding compression mechanism play key roles in the formation of high-aspect-ratio microholes. The phenomena were observed in all experiments of Bessel beam drilling of polymethyl methacrylate. In the aforementioned cases, the compression mechanism was confirmed by measuring sample mass losses that were experimentally determined to be negligible. By contrast, neither cylindrical shockwave nor compression mechanism was observed when a fused silica or Gaussian laser beam was involved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number161907
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume110
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 17 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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