Cytogenetic correlations among most types of peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) have not been very informative to date. This study aimed to identify recurrent chromosomal abnormalities in angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL), ALK-negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALK-ALCL) and peripheral T-cell lymphoma, unspecified (PTCL-US), and to evaluate their prognostic value. We reviewed the cytogenetic findings of 90 previously-diagnosed cases of PTCL and correlated the cytogenetic findings with the specific histological subtype. The most common abnormalities for AITL were 5q (55%), 21 (41%) and 3q (36%) gains, concurrent trisomies of 5 and 21 (41%), and loss of 6q (23%). In ALK(-) ALCL, gains of 1q (50%) and 3p (30%), and losses of 16pter (50%), 6q13q21 (30%), 15 (30%), 16qter (30%) and 17p13 (30%) were frequent findings. In PTCL-US, frequent gains involved 7q22q31 (33%), 1q (24%), 3p (20%), 5p (20%), and 8q24qter (22%), and losses of 6q22q24 (26%) and 10p13pter (26%). We did not observe any association between specific chromosomal abnormalities and overall survival (OS). However, cases with complex karyotypes, most frequently observed in ALK(-) ALCL and PTCL-US, had a significantly shorter OS. Although, genetic differences were noted in these subtypes, further studies are needed to determine the key pathogenetic events in PTCL.
- ALK-negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma
- Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma
- Clinical outcome
- Peripheral T-cell lymphoma
ASJC Scopus subject areas