Osteochondroma most frequently arises sporadically and as a solitary lesion, but may also arise as multiple lesions characterizing the autosomal dominant disorder hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) and the contiguous gene-deletion syndrome, Langer-Giedion syndrome (LGS). Various germline mutations of two putative tumor suppressor genes, EXT1 localized to 8q24.1 and EXT2 localized to 11p11∼p12, have been demonstrated in HME families. Constitutional chromosomal deletions or structural rearrangements of 8q24.1 are seen in LGS. Cytogenetic reports of sporadic and hereditary osteochondromas are few, but have revealed loss or structural rearrangements of 8q24.1 in a small number of tumors. In the current study, karyotypic evaluation of 37 osteochondroma specimens (both sporadic and hereditary lesions) revealed chromosomal anomalies of 8q24.1 in 10 specimens (27%). In an effort to determine the presence and frequency of submicroscopic deletions, molecular cytogenetic studies were performed on this same set of tumors utilizing a chromosome 8 specific centromeric probe and an 8q24.1 cosmid probe (locus D8S51, within the minimal LGS deletion region). Loss of the 8q24.1 locus was detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization in 27 of 34 (79%) osteochondroma specimens analyzed including all 10 specimens exhibiting chromosome 8 abnormalities cytogenetically. These findings indicate that a significant subset of osteochondromas harbor genetic aberrations at the EXT1 locus and suggest that loss or mutation of EXT1 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of sporadic as well as hereditary osteochondromas.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Cancer genetics and cytogenetics|
|State||Published - Sep 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research