De novo mutations in the actin genes ACTB and ACTG1 cause Baraitser-Winter syndrome

Jean Baptiste Rivière, Bregje W.M. Van Bon, Alexander Hoischen, Stanislav S. Kholmanskikh, Brian J. O'Roak, Christian Gilissen, Sabine Gijsen, Christopher T. Sullivan, Susan L. Christian, Omar A. Abdul-Rahman, Joan F. Atkin, Nicolas Chassaing, Valerie Drouin-Garraud, Andrew E. Fry, Jean Pierre Fryns, Karen W. Gripp, Marlies Kempers, Tjitske Kleefstra, Grazia M.S. Mancini, Małgorzata J.M. NowaczykConny M.A. Van Ravenswaaij-Arts, Tony Roscioli, Michael Marble, Jill A. Rosenfeld, Victoria M. Siu, Bert B.A. De Vries, Jay Shendure, Alain Verloes, Joris A. Veltman, Han G. Brunner, M. Elizabeth Ross, Daniela T. Pilz, William B. Dobyns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

224 Scopus citations


Brain malformations are individually rare but collectively common causes of developmental disabilities. Many forms of malformation occur sporadically and are associated with reduced reproductive fitness, pointing to a causative role for de novo mutations. Here, we report a study of Baraitser-Winter syndrome, a well-defined disorder characterized by distinct craniofacial features, ocular colobomata and neuronal migration defect. Using whole-exome sequencing of three proband-parent trios, we identified de novo missense changes in the cytoplasmic acting-encoding genes ACTB and ACTG1 in one and two probands, respectively. Sequencing of both genes in 15 additional affected individuals identified disease-causing mutations in all probands, including two recurrent de novo alterations (ACTB, encoding p.Arg196His, and ACTG1, encoding p.Ser155Phe). Our results confirm that trio-based exome sequencing is a powerful approach to discover genes causing sporadic developmental disorders, emphasize the overlapping roles of cytoplasmic actin proteins in development and suggest that Baraitser-Winter syndrome is the predominant phenotype associated with mutation of these two genes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)440-444
Number of pages5
JournalNature Genetics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics


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