Decreased production of insulin-like growth factor-binding protein (IGFBP)-6 by transfection of colon cancer cells with an antisense IGFBP-6 cDNA construct leads to stimulation of cell proliferation

Eun J. Kim, Beverly S. Schaffer, Young Hee Kang, Richard G. Macdonald, Jung H.Y. Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Previously, we have observed that highly unsaturated dietary (n-3) fatty acids inhibit cell proliferation in conjunction with stimulation of insulin-like growth factor-binding protein (IGFBP)-6 secretion in Caco-2 cells, a human colon carcinoma cell line. Methods: To test the converse hypothesis that inhibition of endogenous IGFBP-6 secretion stimulates Caco-2 cell proliferation, cells were transfected with the antisense IGFBP-6 expression construct or pcDNA3 vector only, and single colonies resistant to G418 sulfate were isolated. Results: Our initial studies indicated that three antisense clones grew faster and produced less IGFBP-6 than two pcDNA3 clones, so antisense IGFBP-6 #5 and pcDNA3 #8 were selected for further detailed analysis. Both the control and antisense clones grew in serum-free medium reaching a plateau density at day eight. However, the antisense clone grew at a rate faster than that of the control and reached a final density that was 31±3% higher than the control. Northern blot, ligand blot and immunoblot analyses revealed that accumulation of IGFBP-6 mRNA and concentrations of IGFBP-6 peptide produced by the antisense clone were decreased by 80-90% compared to the control. The doubling times of the antisense and control clones were 21.9±0.4 and 24.8±0.3 h (P<0.05), respectively. Exogenous IGF-I and IGF-II (0.2-200 nmol/L) stimulated proliferation of both the control and antisense clones in a dose-dependent manner, but the relative potency and efficacy of IGF-II was higher in the antisense clone compared to the control. These results indicate that suppression of IGFBP-6 secretion correlates with an increase in the basal rate of Caco-2 cell growth. Conclusions: Our findings are consistent with the hypothesis that IGFBP-6 inhibits cell growth by binding to endogenously produced IGF-II, thereby preventing IGF-II from interacting with the IGF-I receptor to stimulate cellular proliferation by an autocrine mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)563-570
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Cellular proliferation
  • Colon cancer cells
  • Insulin-like growth factor-II
  • Insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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