The exclusive electroproduction of π+ above the resonance region was studied using the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS) at Jefferson Laboratory by scattering a 6 GeV continuous electron beam off a hydrogen target. The large acceptance and good resolution of CLAS, together with the high luminosity, allowed us to measure the cross section for the γ*p → nπ+ process in 140 (Q2, xB, t) bins: 0.16 < xB < 0.58, 1.6 GeV2 < Q2 < 4.5 GeV2 and 0.1 GeV2 < -t < 5.3 GeV2. For most bins, the statistical accuracy is on the order of a few percent. Differential cross sections are compared to four theoretical models, based either on hadronic or on partonic degrees of freedom. The four models can describe the gross features of the data reasonably well, but differ strongly in their ingredients. In particular, the model based on Generalized Parton Distributions (GPDs) contain the interesting potential to experimentally access transversity GPDs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics