DENTIST‐IMPLEMENTED CONTINGENT ESCAPE FOR MANAGEMENT OF DISRUPTIVE CHILD BEHAVIOR

Keith D. Allen, Ted Loiben, Sarah J. Allen, Robert T. Stanley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

We evaluated the effectiveness of a dentist‐implemented intervention in which brief escape from dental treatment was provided to manage disruptive child behavior during restorative dental treatment. Within a multiple baseline design across subjects, 4 children, aged 3 to 7 years, were provided temporary escape from dental treatment contingent upon brief periods of cooperative behavior. Disruptive behavior decreased when the appropriate escape contingency was used at least 80% of the time. The escape contingency required no more time than traditional management procedures (e.g., tell‐show‐do, reprimands and loud commands, restraint) to bring disruptive behavior under control. Independent ratings by two dentists provided social validation of the efficacy of the escape contingency. 1992 Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)629-636
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

Keywords

  • children
  • dentistry
  • disruptive behavior
  • escape
  • negative reinforcement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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