Deployment and travel medicine knowledge, attitudes, practices, and outcomes study (KAPOS): Malaria chemoprophylaxis prescription patterns in the military health system

Patrick W. Hickey, Indrani Mitra, Jamie Fraser, David Brett-Major, Mark S. Riddle, David R. Tribble

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The Deployment and Travel Medicine Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, and Outcomes Study (KAPOS) examines the integrated relationship between provider and patient inputs and health outcomes associated with travel and deployments. This study describes malaria chemoprophylaxis prescribing patterns by medical providers within the U.S. Department of Defense’s Military Health System and its network of civilian healthcare providers during a 5-year period. Chemoprophylaxis varied by practice setting, beneficiary status, and providers’ travel medicine expertise. Whereas both civilian and military facilities prescribe an increasing proportion of atovaquone–proguanil, doxycycline remains the most prevalent antimalarial at military facility based practices. Civilian providers dispense higher rates of mefloquine than their military counterparts. Within military treatment facilities, travel medicine specialists vary their prescribing pattern based on service member versus beneficiary status of the patient, both in regards to primary prophylaxis, and use of presumptive anti-relapse therapy (PQ-PART). By contrast, nonspecialists appear to carry over practice patterns developed under force health protection (FHP) policy for service members, into the care of beneficiaries, particularly in high rates of prescribing doxycycline and PQ-PART compared with both military travel medicine specialists and civilian comparators. Force health protection policy plays an important role in standardizing and improving the quality of care for deployed service members, but this may not be the perfect solution outside of the deployment context. Solutions that broaden both utilization of decision support tools and travel medicine specialty care are necessary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)334-343
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Volume103
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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