Descriptive assessment of conversational skills: Towards benchmarks for young adults with social deficits

Stephanie A. Hood, Britany M. Beauchesne, Tara A. Fahmie, Alexandra Go

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Descriptive assessments are necessary to identify social norms and establish a foundation for experimental analysis. Much of the social skills intervention literature involves goals that have been selected through interviews and direct observation of behavior without a reference to desired outcomes. The purpose of the current study was to extend research on descriptive assessments of conversations by including additional measures and examining conversational behavior across contexts. We conducted a descriptive assessment of social skills exhibited by 16 neurotypical young adults. Participants had 10-min conversations in groups and 1-on-1 with friends and novel individuals. We then assessed variability within and across participants on a wide array of relevant measures. Throughout the conversations, participants shared the conversation time equally, spent most of the conversation time making on-topic comments, and gazed at their conversation partner more frequently while listening than while speaking. These descriptive data extend current research, inform future experimental analyses, and may guide clinical decisions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1075-1094
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume54
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • autism spectrum disorder
  • conversation skills
  • descriptive assessment
  • social skills deficits
  • social skills interventions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Applied Psychology

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