Determinants of income growth in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan labor markets

George W. Hammond, Eric C. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


This article analyzes determinants of growth across labor markets in the United States, using a production function approach based on four inputs: labor, manufacturing investment, human capital investment, and public capital investment. We find little role for public capital investment in growth, but that manufacturing investment spurred growth in nonmetropolitan areas, in contrast to metropolitan areas. We also find that human capital investment mattered more for metropolitan areas than for nonmetropolitan areas. Further, the presence of more colleges and universities, more household amenities, and lower tax rates are all found to have encouraged human capital accumulation in U.S. labor markets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)783-793
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Agricultural Economics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2008


  • Constant-elasticity-of-substitution
  • Income growth
  • Metropolitan
  • Nonmetropolitan
  • Solow growth model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Economics and Econometrics


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