Development of leadership skills: Experience and timing

Michael D. Mumford, Michelle A. Marks, Mary Shane Connelly, Stephen J. Zaccaro, Roni Reiter-Palmon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

227 Scopus citations


To develop organizational leaders we need to understand how requisite skills are acquired over the course of people's careers. In this article, a cross-sectional design was used to assess differences in leadership skills across six grade levels of officers in the U.S. Army. Increased levels of knowledge, problem-solving skills, systems skills, and social skills were found at higher grade levels. Certain skills and experiences, however, were found to be particularly important at certain phases of leaders' careers. These findings are used to propose an organization-based model of skill development. Implications of this model for leader development programs are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-114
Number of pages28
JournalLeadership Quarterly
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Applied Psychology
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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