Diagnostic performance of 2D-shear wave elastography and serum fibrosis markers for evaluation of hepatic graft fibrosis in pediatric liver-inclusive transplant recipients: A prospective pilot study

Hanh D. Vo, Stanley J. Radio, Elon J. Granader, Laura E. Wojkiewicz, Patricia Turner, Teri J. Mauch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Liver biopsy is the gold standard for hepatic fibrosis staging, but it is invasive and has potential severe complications. We aimed to determine the diagnostic performance of 2D-SWE and serum markers to predict significant hepatic graft fibrosis (≥F2) in pediatric liver-inclusive transplant recipients. Methods: This prospective, cross-sectional pilot study included children younger than 19 years who had received a LT or LSBT and underwent a liver biopsy performed for clinical indications. LS was measured using 2D-SWE. The AUROC was calculated to evaluate the diagnostic performance of 2D-SWE and biomarkers (AST/ALT ratio, APRI, FIB4) for predicting significant fibrosis. Results: Twenty-two children (13 males, 8 LSBT) were included. Eighteen (81.8%) children received a whole liver graft. Thirteen (59.1%) patients had hepatic fibrosis (≥F1) and four (18.2%) had significant fibrosis. The AUROCs of AST/ALT ratio, APRI, and FIB4 for predicting significant hepatic graft fibrosis were 0.71 (p =.29), 0.85 (p =.0001), and 0.76 (p =.03), respectively. When FIB4 was calculated using the hepatic graft's age, its AUROC improved to 0.85 (p <.0001). The AUROC of 2D-SWE for predicting significant hepatic graft fibrosis was 0.80 (p =.046). When 2D-SWE was combined with APRI or FIB4, its AUROC improved to 0.82 (p =.08) and 0.87 (p =.002), respectively. Conclusions: APRI and FIB4 can accurately predict significant hepatic graft fibrosis. 2D-SWE may serve as a valuable adjunct tool to detect significant graft fibrosis, especially when combined with these serum markers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere14225
JournalPediatric Transplantation
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • 2D-shear wave elastography
  • children
  • fibrosis markers
  • liver elasticity
  • liver graft fibrosis
  • liver transplant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Transplantation

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