Dietary Quality and Usual Intake of Underconsumed Nutrients and Related Food Groups Differ by Food Security Status for Rural, Midwestern Food Pantry Clients

Breanne N. Wright, Janet A. Tooze, Regan L. Bailey, Yibin Liu, Rebecca L. Rivera, Lacey McCormack, Suzanne Stluka, Lisa Franzen-Castle, Becky Henne, Donna Mehrle, Dan Remley, Heather A. Eicher-Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Food pantry users represent a predominantly food insecure population, yet dietary intake may differ among food secure (FS), low FS, and very low FS clients. Usual intake of food groups and nutrients by food security status has not previously been compared among food pantry clients. Objective: This study aimed to estimate the usual intakes of underconsumed nutrients (ie, potassium; dietary fiber; choline; magnesium; calcium; vitamins A, D, E, and C; and iron) and related food groups (ie, vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and dairy) and dietary quality, and to evaluate their relationship with food security status. Design: This cross-sectional, secondary analysis used baseline data from a prior intervention study (Clinical Trial Registry: NCT03566095). A demographic questionnaire, the US Household Food Security Survey Module, and up to three 24-hour dietary recalls on nonconsecutive days, including weekdays and weekends, were collected. Participants/setting: This community-based study included a convenience sample of adult, midwestern food pantry clients (N=579) recruited from August to November 2014. Main outcome measures: Main outcomes evaluated were Healthy Eating Index-2010 scores and usual intakes of underconsumed nutrients and related food groups. Statistical analyses performed: Linear regression models and the National Cancer Institute method, adjusting for confounders, were used to estimate associations of food security with diet quality and usual intake, respectively. Results: Being FS was associated with a higher whole grains HEI-2010 score and higher mean usual intake of whole grains compared with being low FS. Being FS was associated with higher usual intakes of iron and dairy compared with being very low FS. Being FS was associated with a higher mean usual intake of dark green vegetables compared with being low FS and very low FS. Usual intakes were below federal guidance for all subgroups of food security. Conclusions: Although food security status may differentiate dietary intake among food pantry clients, improvements are needed among all clients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1457-1468
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Volume120
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Diet quality
  • Emergency food assistance
  • Food insecurity
  • Healthy Eating Index
  • Usual intake

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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