Differential antibody responses in sows and finishing pigs naturally infected with African swine fever virus under field conditions

Hung Q. Luong, Huong TL Lai, Luc D. Do, Bo X. Ha, Giap V. Nguyen, Hiep LX Vu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Antibody profile of pigs naturally infected with a virulent African swine fever virus (ASFV) strain under field conditions was studied. Twenty-three serum samples were collected from pigs surviving a natural ASFV infection: 17 samples from finishing pigs (∼7 months old) and 6 samples from sows (between 12 and 36 months old). Additionally, 24 serum samples were collected from ASFV-naïve pigs to serve as negative controls. All sera from ASFV-surviving pigs tested positive while all sera from control pigs tested negative by two different commercial ELISA kits. Antibody reactivity of each serum sample was simultaneously measured against six selected ASFV antigens including p12, p32, p54, pp62, C-type lectin and CD2v. All ASFV-surviving pigs had antibody against p32, p54 and pp62 while 91.3% surviving pigs had antibody against p12. Only small portions of ASFV-surviving pigs exhibited antibodies against C-type lectin (34.8%) and CD2v (26.1%). While antibodies against p12, p32, p54 and pp62 were similarly detected in both finishing pigs and sows, antibodies against C-type lectin and CD2v were mainly detected in sows but not in finishing pigs. These results suggest a differential humoral immune response to ASFV infection in sows and finishing pigs. Further studies are needed to better understand the nature of immune responses to ASFV infection in different pig populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number198621
JournalVirus Research
Volume307
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2022

Keywords

  • ASFV
  • Antibody profile
  • Humoral immunity
  • Luciferase-immunoprecipitation system
  • Swine viruses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Cancer Research

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