Differential cytotoxicity of long-chain bases for human oral gingival epithelial keratinocytes, oral fibroblasts, and dendritic cells

Leslie A. Mehalick, Christopher Poulsen, Carol L. Fischer, Emily A. Lanzel, Amber M. Bates, Katherine S. Walters, Joseph E. Cavanaugh, Janet M. Guthmiller, Georgia K. Johnson, Philip W. Wertz, Kim A. Brogden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Long-chain bases, found in the oral cavity, have potent antimicrobial activity against oral pathogens. In an article associated with this dataset, Poulson and colleagues determined the cytotoxicities of long-chain bases (sphingosine, dihydrosphingosine, and phytosphingosine) for human oral gingival epithelial (GE) keratinocytes, oral gingival fibroblasts (GF), dendritic cells (DC), and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) cell lines [1]. Poulson and colleagues found that GE keratinocytes were more resistant to long-chain bases as compared to GF, DC, and SCC cell lines [1]. In this study, we assess the susceptibility of DC to lower concentrations of long chain bases. 0.2-10.0μM long-chain bases and GML were not cytotoxic to DC; 40.0-80.0μM long-chain bases, but not GML, were cytotoxic for DC; and 80.0μM long-chain bases were cytotoxic to DC and induced cellular damage and death in less than 20mins. Overall, the LD50 of long-chain bases for GE keratinocytes, GF, and DC were considerably higher than their minimal inhibitory concentrations for oral pathogens, a finding important to pursuing their future potential in treating periodontal and oral infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)285-291
Number of pages7
JournalData in Brief
Volume5
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cytotoxicity
  • Dendritic cells
  • Dihydrosphingosine
  • Glycerol monolaurate
  • Human oral gingival epithelial keratinocytes
  • Oral gingival fibroblasts
  • Oral squamous cell carcinoma cells
  • Phytosphingosine
  • Sphingosine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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