Differential effects of superoxide dismutase mimetics after mechanical overload of articular cartilage

Mitchell C. Coleman, Marc J. Brouillette, Nicholas S. Andresen, Rebecca E. Oberley-Deegan, James M. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Post-traumatic osteoarthritis can develop as a result of the initial mechanical impact causing the injury and also as a result of chronic changes inmechanical loading of the joint. Aberrantmechanical loading initiates excessive production of reactive oxygen species, oxidative damage, and stress that appears to damage mitochondria in the surviving chondrocytes. To probe the benefits of increasing superoxide removal with small molecular weight superoxide dismutase mimetics under severe loads, we applied both impact and overload injury scenarios to bovine osteochondral explants using characterized mechanical platforms with and without GC4403,MnTE-2-PyP, andMnTnBuOE-2-PyP. In impact scenarios, each of these mimetics provides some dose-dependent protection from cell death and loss of mitochondrial content while in repeated overloading scenarios only MnTnBuOE-2-PyP provided a clear benefit to chondrocytes. These results support the hypothesis that superoxide is generated in excess after impact injuries and suggest that superoxide production within the lipid compartment may be a critical mediator of responses to chronic overload. This is an important nuance distinguishing roles of superoxide, and thus superoxide dismutases, in mediating damage to cellular machinery in hyper-acute impact scenarios compared to chronic scenarios.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number98
JournalAntioxidants
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Arthritis
  • Cartilage
  • Mitochondria
  • Superoxide
  • Superoxide dismutase (SOD)
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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