Differential in vivo effects of whole cigarette smoke exposure versus cigarette smoke extract on mouse ciliated tracheal epithelium

Margaret Elliott, Joseph Sisson, William West, Todd Wyatt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study the authors compared the affect of vapor phase cigarette smoke (CS) versus cigarette smoke extract (CSE) on the lungs and upper airway of C57BL/6 mice. The authors found that CSE treatment significantly increased neutrophil influx (P < .001), baseline ciliary beat frequency (CBF) (P < .05), and protein kinase C activity compared to CS and controls. Isoproterenol increased CBF with CS exposure, but decreased CBF with CSE (P < .01). Isoproterenol increased protein kinase A (PKA) activity in all groups except CSE. CSE exposure induced inflammatory cell bronchiolitis. These data indicate that CSE exposure has differential effects on the lungs and tracheal epithelium compared to CS exposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)99-118
Number of pages20
JournalExperimental Lung Research
Volume32
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2006

Keywords

  • Cigarette smoke
  • Cigarette smoke extract
  • Cilia beat frequency
  • Mouse model
  • SAVA
  • Tracheal epithelium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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