Differentiation and quantification of C1 and C2 13C-labeled glucose by tandem mass spectrometry

Wei Jiang, Vicki H. Wysocki, Eric D. Dodds, Roger L. Miesfeld, Patricia Y. Scaraffia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


The fragmentation patterns of various 13C-labeled glucose molecules were analyzed by electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. Derivatization of glucose to yield methylglucosamine makes the C-C bond between C1 and C2 a favored cleavage site. This is in contrast to underivatized glucose, which favorably undergoes loss of a fragment containing both C1 and C2. Based on the fragmentation pattern of methylglucoasmine, we developed a method to distinguish and quantify C1 and C2 13C-labeled glucose by derivatization with methylamine followed by multiple reaction monitoring scans in a Q-trap mass spectrometer. Fragment ion ratios in the tandem mass spectra showed an isotope effect with 13C or deuterium labeling, so a " correction factor" was introduced to make the quantification more accurate. The current approach can be applied to individually monitor the metabolic origin and fate of C1 and C2 atoms in 13C-labeled glucose. This method provides a new means of quantifying glucose isotopomers in metabolic studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-44
Number of pages5
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Sep 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Derivatized glucose
  • Ion fragmentation
  • Labeled isotopes
  • Mass spectrometry
  • Multiple reaction monitoring scans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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