Diffractive smoothing of excimer laser ablation using a defocused beam

R. R. Krueger, Wei Wang Xun Wei Wang, M. Rudisill, S. L. Trokel, P. J. McDonnell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To determine if excimer laser myopic ablation with a defocused laser image produces a smoother ablation profile than does focused laser light. METHODS: An ArF excimer laser was used to ablate a 5.00-diopter myopic correction in test blocks using both a contracting and expanding iris aperture. Defocused ablation was performed using a contracting iris aperture by translating the target away from the laser source. A confocal laser scanning microscope was used to analyze the surface smoothness at 55x and 275x magnifications. RESULTS: The confocal laser scanning micrographs revealed a series of sharply demarcated concentric ridges in the focused ablation, and less prominent, slightly wavy lines in the defocused ablation performed with a contracting aperture. The focused ablation with an expanding aperture also created concentric ridges toward the periphery, but with slightly smoother edges. CONCLUSION: Micrographic analysis of the surface profile of excimer laser myopic ablation using a variable iris aperture revealed the presence of concentric ridges following focused ablation and smooth curvilinear lines when ablation was performed with a defocused image.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20-26
Number of pages7
JournalRefractive and Corneal Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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