An unusual type of diffuse biliary tract injury after liver transplantation that is characterized by multiple intrahepatic biliary strictures, ductal dilatations, fluid collections, or intrahepatic abscesses has been identified. Over a 5-year period, a total of 10 patients (2%) developed diffuse intrahepatic biliary injury with established vascular patency and no obvious source for their biliary tract pathology. All patients received livers preserved in University of Wisconsin solution with a mean preservation time of 16 hours. This biliary tract injury was associated with the presence of severe preservation injury and Roux limb biliary reconstruction. Of the 10 patients, 5 were treated nonoperatively with multiple stricture dilations and stent placements, 3 underwent retransplantation, 1 was treated operatively with hepaticojejunostomy, and 1 died of sepsis. This study suggests that this complication appears to be related to preservation injury and that the etiology may be ischemic in origin.
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