Diffuse biliary tract injury after orthotopic liver transplantation

Shujun Li, Robert J. Stratta, Alan N. Langnas, R. Patrick Wood, Wagner Marujo, Byers W. Shaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Scopus citations

Abstract

An unusual type of diffuse biliary tract injury after liver transplantation that is characterized by multiple intrahepatic biliary strictures, ductal dilatations, fluid collections, or intrahepatic abscesses has been identified. Over a 5-year period, a total of 10 patients (2%) developed diffuse intrahepatic biliary injury with established vascular patency and no obvious source for their biliary tract pathology. All patients received livers preserved in University of Wisconsin solution with a mean preservation time of 16 hours. This biliary tract injury was associated with the presence of severe preservation injury and Roux limb biliary reconstruction. Of the 10 patients, 5 were treated nonoperatively with multiple stricture dilations and stent placements, 3 underwent retransplantation, 1 was treated operatively with hepaticojejunostomy, and 1 died of sepsis. This study suggests that this complication appears to be related to preservation injury and that the etiology may be ischemic in origin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)536-540
Number of pages5
JournalThe American Journal of Surgery
Volume164
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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