Dimerization of the insulin-like growth factor II/mannose 6-phosphate receptor

James C. Byrd, Jung H.Y. Park, Beverly S. Schaffer, Farideh Garmroudi, Richard G. MacDonald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

The insulin-like growth factor II/mannose 6-phosphate receptor (IGF2R) interacts with lysosomal enzymes through two binding domains in its extracytoplasmic domain. We report in the accompanying article (Byrd, J. C., and MacDonald, R. G. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 18638-18646) that only one of the two extracytoplasmic mannose 6-phosphate (Man-6-P) binding domains is necessary for high affinity Man-6-P ligand binding, suggesting that, like the cation-dependent Man-6-P receptor, oligomerization of the IGF2R contributes to high affinity interaction with lysosomal enzymes. In the present study, we have directly characterized both naturally occurring and engineered forms of the IGF2R for their ability to form oligomeric structures. Whereas gel filtration chromatography suggested that purified bovine IGF2R species exist in a monomeric form, native gel electrophoresis allowed for the separation of dimeric and monomeric forms of the receptors with distinct phosphomannosyl ligand binding characteristics. The ability of the IGF2R to form oligomeric complexes was confirmed and localized to the extracytoplasmic domain through the use of epitope-tagged soluble IGF2R constructs bearing deletions of the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domains. Finally, chimeric receptors were engineered containing the extracytoplasmic and transmembrane domains of the IGF2R fused to the cytoplasmic domain of the epidermal growth factor receptor with which dimerization of the chimeras could be monitored by measuring autophosphorylation. Collectively, these results show that the IGF2R is capable of forming oligomeric complexes, most likely dimers, in the absence of Man-6-P ligands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18647-18656
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume275
Issue number25
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 23 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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