S-Adenosylmethionine (AdoMet)-dependent methyltransferases (MTases) are an essential superfamily of enzymes that catalyze the transfer of a methyl group to several biomolecules. Alterations in the methylation of cellular components crucially impact vital biological processes, making MTases attractive drug targets for treating infectious diseases and diseases caused by overactive human-encoded MTases. Several methods have been developed for monitoring the activity of MTases, but most MTase assays have inherent limitations or are not amenable for high-throughput screening. We describe a universal, competitive fluorescence polarization (FP) assay that directly measures the production of S-adenosylhomocysteine (AdoHcy) from MTases. Our developed assay monitors the generation of AdoHcy by displacing a fluorescently labeled AdoHcy molecule complexed to a catalytically inert 5′-methylthioadenosine nucleosidase (MTAN-D198N) variant performed in a mix-and-read format. Producing the fluorescently labeled molecule involves a one-pot synthesis by combining AdoHcy with an amine-reactive rhodamine derivative, which possesses a Kd value of 11.3 ± 0.7 nM to MTAN-D198N. The developed competitive FP assay expresses a limit of detection for AdoHcy of 6 nM and exhibits a 34-fold preference to AdoHcy in comparison to AdoMet. We demonstrate the utility of the developed assay by performing a pilot screen with the NIH Clinical Collection as well as determining the kinetic parameters of l-histidine methylation for EgtD from Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Additionally, the developed assay is applicable to other AdoMet-dependent and ATP-dependent enzymes by detecting various adenosine-containing molecules including 5′-methylthioadenosine, AMP, and ADP.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry