Disagreement in the reporting of depressive symptoms between patients with dementia of the Alzheimer type and their collateral sources

William J. Burke, William H. Roccaforte, Steven P. Wengel, Delores McArthur-Miller, David G. Folks, Jane F. Potter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors investigated sources of disagreement on the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) between patients and their collateral sources (CSs). They were 198 subjects with possible or probable Alzheimer's disease (DAT) and 64 cognitively intact subjects evaluated at an outpatient geriatric assessment center. The 30-item GDS was completed by the patient and the CS version of the GDS by the CS. A sizable discrepancy was found in the reporting of depressive symptoms by the subjects vs. the CSs. Multiple- regression analyses revealed that both level of insight and level of physical illness in the subjects in the subjects with DAT significantly influenced the discrepancy. An increased sense of burden in the CSs was associated with a larger symptom gap in both DAT and control subjects. CSs consistently perceived more depressive symptoms than subjects, especially subjects with DAT who had no insight into their cognitive impairment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)308-319
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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