Discriminating between cognitive and supportive group therapies for chronic mental illness

Sarah A. Hayes, Debra A. Hope, Lori S. Terryberry-Spohr, William D. Spaulding, Melanie VanDyke, Dirk T. Elting, Jeffrey Poland, Somaia Mohamed, Calvin P. Garbin, Dorie Reed, Mary Sullivan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


This descriptive and comparative study employed a Q-sort process to describe common factors of therapy in two group therapies for inpatients with chronic mental illness. While pharmacological treatments for chronic mental illness are prominent, there is growing evidence that cognitive therapy is also efficacious. Groups examined were part of a larger study comparing the added benefits of cognitive versus supportive group therapy to the treatment milieu. In general, items described the therapist's attitudes and behaviors, the participants' attitudes and behaviors, or the group interactions. Results present items that were most and least characteristic of each therapy and items that discriminate between the two modalities. Therapists in both groups demonstrated good therapy skills. However, the cognitive group was described as being more motivated and active than the supportive group, indicating that the groups differed in terms of common as well as specific factors of treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)603-609
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2006


  • Cognitive therapy
  • Common factors
  • Psychiatric rehabilitation
  • Severe mental illness
  • Treatment process

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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