Discrimination of the Athlete's Heart from real disease by electrocardiogram and echocardiogram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Chronic physical training has been shown to produce multiple changes in the heart, resulting in the athlete's heart phenotype. Some of the changes can make it difficult to discern athlete's heart from true cardiac disease, most notably hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Other diseases such as dilated cardiomyopathy and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy may be difficult to rule in or out. In this article, the physiological cardiac changes of chronic athletic training are reviewed. A methodological approach using electrocardiography and echocardiography to differentiate between athlete's heart and cardiac disease is proposed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S80-S88
JournalCardiology in the Young
Issue numberS1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017


  • Athlete's heart
  • athletic training
  • echocardiography
  • electrocardiography
  • hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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