Distinct Synaptic Vesicle Proteomic Signatures Associated with Pre-and Post-Natal Oxycodone-Exposure

Katherine E. Odegaard, Gabriel Gallegos, Sneh Koul, Victoria L. Schaal, Neetha N. Vellichirammal, Chittibabu Guda, Andrea P. Dutoit, Steven J. Lisco, Sowmya V. Yelamanchili, Gurudutt Pendyala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The current opioid crisis, which has ravaged all segments of society, continues to pose a rising public health concern. Importantly, dependency on prescription opioids such as oxycodone (oxy) during and after pregnancy can significantly impact the overall brain development of the exposed offspring, especially at the synapse. A significant knowledge gap that remains is identifying distinct synaptic signatures associated with these exposed offspring. Accordingly, the overall goal of this current study was to identify distinct synaptic vesicle (SV) proteins as signatures for offspring exposed to oxy in utero (IUO) and postnatally (PNO). Using a preclinical animal model that imitates oxycodone exposure in utero (IUO) and postnatally (PNO), we used a quantitative mass spectrometry-based proteomics platform to examine changes in the synaptic vesicle proteome on post-natal day 14 (P14) IUO and PNO offspring. We identified MEGF8, associated with carpenter syndrome, to be downregulated in the IUO offspring while LAMTOR4, associated with the regulator complex involved in lysosomal signaling and trafficking, was found to be upregulated in the PNO groups, respectively. Their respective differential expression was further validated by Western blot. In summary, our current study shows exposure to oxy in utero and postnatally can impact the SV proteome in the exposed offspring and the identification of these distinct SV signatures could further pave the way to further elucidate their downstream mechanisms including developing them as potential therapeutic targets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1740
JournalCells
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2022

Keywords

  • in utero
  • oxycodone
  • post-natal
  • proteomics
  • rodent model
  • synaptic vesicles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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