Distortion-product otoacoustic emission measured with continuously varying stimulus level

Stephen T. Neely, Tiffany A. Johnson, Michael P. Gorga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


Distortion-product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) are measured by stimulating the ear with two simultaneous tones. A novel method for measuring DPOAEs has been developed in which the tone levels vary continuously instead of in discrete steps. Varying the tone levels continuously may offer advantages for characterizing DPOAE level as a function of stimulus level. For equivalent primary levels, DPOAE levels measured with the continuous-level method were the same as levels obtained with the discrete-level method, thus validating the new method. Continuous-level measurements were used to determine the optimal L 1 for each L2 in individual subjects (N = 20) at f 2 = 1, 2, 4, and 8 kHz by using a Lissajous path that covered a wide range of stimulus levels. The optimal L1 (defined as the L 1 that resulted in the largest DPOAE for each L2) varied across subjects and across frequency. The optimal difference between L 1 and L2 decreased with increasing L2 at all frequencies, and increased with frequency when L2 was low. When the optimal L1 was determined individually for each ear, the DPOAE levels were larger and less variable than those obtained using the equation for L 1 suggested by Kummer et al. [J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 103, 3431-3444 (1998)].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1248-1259
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number3 I
StatePublished - Mar 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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