DISTRACTION: ITS UTILIZATION AND EFFICACY WITH CHILDREN UNDERGOING DENTAL TREATMENT

Lori J. Stark, Keith D. Allen, Michael Hurst, David A. Nash, Brooke Rigney, Trevor F. Stokes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

We investigated the utilization and efficacy of distraction in reducing the anxious and disruptive behavior of 4 children undergoing dental treatment. During the distraction procedure, the children were shown a poster and told a story about it during dental treatment. They earned a prize if they attended to the poster and story and could correctly answer questions about them following each intervention visit. The children's disruptive behavior was assessed via direct observation, and results were analyzed within a multiple baseline design. The children exhibited high levels of anxious and disruptive behavior across baseline visits, regardless of the length of time in treatment or number of visits. Anxious and disruptive behavior decreased upon introduction of the intervention for all children. This was accompanied by the children meeting the criterion for correct answers on the distraction quiz. However, 2 of the children demonstrated an increase in their anxious and disruptive behavior across intervention visits. Results are discussed in terms of the need to evaluate treatment strategies that promote maintenance as well as initial changes. 1989 Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)297-307
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1989

Keywords

  • children
  • cooperative behavior
  • dental visits
  • distraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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